Losing brakes is a situation of the most dangerous type that a driver must face because it is easy to panic when the vehicle can no longer control the speed, especially if going on a steep hill. How to drive safely in this case?
Each person, based on skills and experience, will have different reactions. But if you do all the steps that experts recommend below, the chances of a driver and passenger will be much higher.
This advice is often considered boring in the “know and miserable” way until we fall into danger. Don’t calm down, you can’t take the next steps. As long as the driver keeps the initiative, the chances for people around are much higher.
Calmness depends on many factors such as experience, qualities of the driver. A guy who just drove, didn’t collide much, of course easily lost his temper over the old man. But a subjective old man will lose his temper more easily than the one who is always active. So, focus to not fall into the improvisation situation where the passive part is on your side.
Ignoring the cause of the brakes, the driver in the accident in Khanh Hoa on 7/6 informed passengers, asking people to calm down so that he can handle the evidence of the driver’s importance. If at that time he was also panicked, spreading fear to dozens of people behind the accident could be more disastrous.
Release the gas pedal
Release the accelerator to reduce speed, while focusing more on the brake pedal.
Feel the brake pedal to drive safely
Keep braking and feeling the cause. If the brakes are soft and close to the floor, oil may be lost due to damage to the pipe. Try pedaling multiple times for a chance to recover the pressure. But if the brake pedal is hard, the brakes are clogged with hydraulic guidance, or the brakes are blocked. But sometimes it may be because something is blocked below.
Despite the hope, the driver always had to try the chances. Pedal-release the brakes so much that you can recover the system. If the vehicle has ABS, this action may enable ABS to activate.
Returns the low gear
Low numbers help the car slow down. If you go the automatic number, switch to semi-automatic or low-number mode (denoted by small numbers like 1, 2 or L).
Things get more complicated when going to the floor. On numbers that are too low at high speeds can destroy powertrains and inertial forces that lose control. Go back 1 or 2 levels each time. If the car is at number 5, it is only possible to reach the number 3. When losing the brakes on the steep pass, be cautious when returning the low gear and should be sequential.
When the car decelerates, feel the speed to return the next number for reasonable.
Do not turn off the engine, because then the steering system loses power so it is very heavy and difficult to control. In addition at high speed, the engine stops abruptly, causing the car to lose control due to the impact of inertia.
Use the hand brake to drive safely
Hand brakes, also known as emergency brakes or parking brakes, are often used to stop the car even though it takes longer because only the rear wheels are affected. When manipulating, note to pull gently, slowly but with enough force. If you pull too hard, too fast you can lock the wheel, causing it to slip, lose the steering. Remember to hold the release button, every time you see a vehicle that loses control, release the hand brake immediately.
Keep the view
Panic does not only lose your chance but also endanger others. Observe traffic, avoid pedestrians, motorbikes and crowded places.
Signaling to other vehicles
Turn on the warning light, blink or use a whistle to draw attention to other people. Open the window to increase wind resistance and call for help.
Strike a hammock if possible
If there is enough space for safety, let the roller coaster from left to right and vice versa to increase the drag and thus slow down. However, you should not do it at a high speed because you can flip the car.
Use speed reducers
Consider the speed before deciding which option to use, especially at high speeds. Use ramps to slow down the speed of attention to steep peaks and be ready to use the handbrake. Eels can be used between the road or the median strip. If going downhill, drive to the positive direction of ta-luy to be ready to stab when possible.
Find possible collisions
Don’t try to hope the car will stop. Please choose a safe point so that the vehicle can hit it. Preferably soft obstacles such as bushes and quagmire.